Brain Booster

What is Mind ?
First late us take a look at the Ayurvedic concept of Mind. Manas in Sanskrit, means to think, believe, imagine, suppose. It is the internal organ for perception. Link of Atma (Soul), mind, sense organs and their Objects gives the knowledge. Atman (Soul) is the basis of all experience, while Manas (mind) is only instrument of experience. According to Ayurveda, it is atomic and eternal.

Functions of Mind -
Chintya (Thinking) - Thinking of what to do and what not to do etc.
Vicharya (Analysis) - Analysis of the subject. If we do it, will it be beneficial or not.
Uhya (Speculation) - Speculation and find out probabilities
Dhyeya (Aim/Goal) - Goal setting. -Objective.
Sankalp - (Decision ) - of doing various activities to achieve a goal- Determination.

Qualities of Mind -
These are super qualities responsible for creation of the Universe and Man. Qualities of mind also.
Sattva - Sat / mind, reality, truth, light, intelligence.
Rajas - Raja / stain, smoke, distraction, turbulence and mind agitated by desire.
Tamas - Tama/ dullness, darkness, inability to perceive, heaviness, lethargy and mind clouded by ignorance and lack of mental activity.

Psychological Constitution -
Predominance of these qualities creates psychological constitution of the individual. Sattva is considered as good quality and Rajas and Tamas creates diseases when in excess. Sattva persons are health conscious by nature, Rajas persons have to be convinced and Tamas are ignorant about health

Sattvic constitution
Sattvic person is intelligent, sensitive and understanding, ever seeking balance. He possess a good intellect and memory, and have an inherent instinct for cleanliness and purity.

Sattvic constitution and health -
Although these persons have a great deal of knowledge, they always try to gain more. They have a good will towards others and allow others to prosper. They are friendly and courteous, have faith in the Divine and devotion to what is good. Since these persons are health conscious, they follow all the rules and regulations of good and healthy life style. They have good immunity. They rarely become sick and even if some disease appears, it can be quickly recovered.

Rajasic Constitution
Rajasic person is active and aggressive, but agitated and restless. Rajasic types have a nature that tries to overpower others and have a brave but jealous and sometimes cruel character. They manifest a propulsive and dynamic energy that is ever seeking and striving and which is never contented. Seldom satisfied with the positions and possessions they achieve, they are ever trying for more. They are ambitious and industrious in nature.

Rajsic constitution and health -
Although they do not follow health rules and regulations, if they are properly convinced, they are immediately start following proper healthy routine. They tend to develop Pitta and Rakta diseases. Hence they should take proper precautions.

Tamasic Constitution
Tamasic people are lazy and ignorant and do not make any real efforts to improve their condition in life. Similarly, they are not curious about things but hold to what they already know as final. Usually they are less intelligent, prefer not to work and are interested mainly in eating and sleeping. They lack cleanliness and are not health conscious. Owing to their ignorance, they are afraid of many things and do not initiate any changes on their own. For this reason they are very difficult to treat.

Tamasic constitution and health
These people are ignorant about the health rules and they also do not want to learn them. Hence they suffer from Kapha and Meda diseases and are very difficult to treat as they have low immunity. They also suffer from various psychological disorders.

What is Emotion ?
According to Modern Psychology Emotions are evaluative responses to environmental events that coordinate various physical and psychological sub-systems for the purpose of a best possible response. Emotions are required for our survival, communications, making decisions and happiness.

Emotions - Ayurvedic View -
Thoughts create emotions. They are associated with mood, temperament, personality, disposition and motivation. These are the effect of increase in rajas and tamas qualities of mind. They are created due to “ failure of intelligence ” (Pradnyaparadha) or volitional transgression which is the main cause of diseases.

Emotions - Ayurvedic classification -
Joy (Sukha /Ananda) - Pleasure, Cheerfulness, Zest, Contentment.
Grief (Dukkha) - Sorrow.
Love (Kama) - Affection, Attraction, Attachment, Infatuation, Longing, forgiveness, compassion. Intoxicating mood (Mada) - Lust, Passion.
Anger (Krodha) - Rage, Disgust, Torment.
Envy (Matsarya) - Jealousy.
Greed (Lobha) -
Sadness (Vishada) - Suffering, Disappointment, Shame, neglect.
Depression (Udvega) -
Fear (Bhaya) - Horror.
Anxiety (Chinta) - Worry, Nervousness.
Competitiveness (Irshya) -
Surprise - Frustration, irritation.

Relation between Physical Doshas / Psychological Doshas -
Vata = Vayu + Akasha = Rajas 3+ Sattva 2 + Tamas 1
Pitta = Fire + small water= Sattva 3 + Rajas 2 + Tamas 1
Kapha = Earth +Water = Tamas 3 + Sattva 2 + Rajas 1

Vata Emotions classification -
Vata and Sattva - Joy, Surprise.
Vata and Rajas - Hyperactivity, Nervousness, Fear, Anxiety.
Vata and Tamas - Confusion, Lack of direction, Indecisiveness, Sadness, Suffering, Shame, Grief or sorrow, Neglect.

Pitta Emotions classification -
Pitta and Sattva - Longing.
Pitta and Rajas - Aggressive competitiveness. Intoxicating mood, lust, passion, disgust, infatuation.
Pitta and Tamas - Anger, Rage, Hatred, Envy, Jealousy

Kapha Emotions classification -
Kapha and Sattva - Love, Affection, Attraction, Compassion, Forgiveness.
Kapha and Rajas - Attachment, Greed, Possessiveness.
Kapha and Tamas - Confusion, Depression.

Positive and Negative Emotions -
It is really difficult to classify all the emotions according to its effect on the mind and body. Because the same emotion may have different effect depending on the situation. However in general following classification can be given - Negative emotions are- ashamed, abandoned, abused, accused, apathy, grief, fear, hatred, shame, blame, regret, resentment, anger, hostility.

General causes of all diseases -
All diseases originate in the consciousness. Pradnyaparadha or misuse of intellect - faulty intelligence, courage and memory. Wrong contact of sense organs with their objects - Absence of analysis of any subject can lead to depression, excessive analysis can lead to anxiety and improper analysis leads to improper behavior. Time - dosha aggravation. Withholding of physical urges and suppressing emotions.

Common causes for all psychological diseases -
Emotions are responsible for causing all psychological diseases and Ayurveda has classified common causes according to two main reasons -
Getting things which are undesired- Hatred, Anger and Depression.
Not getting things which are desired - Greed, Envy, Worry and Anxiety.

Pathogenesis flow chart of the psychological diseases -
Bhagvad Gita, the religious book of Sanatana Dharma has explained following flow chart for the pathogenesis-
Thinking of pleasure / Vishaya
Attachment of objects with sense organs / Sanga
Lust for pleasure by sensual objects / Kama
Non fulfillment of pleasure Anger/Krodha
Delusion / Sammoha
Vitiation in Recollection / Smruti vibhrama
Damage of intelligence / Buddhinasha
Destruction / Vinashyati.
Disease formation.
Positive emotions are - interest, enthusiasm, laughter, empathy, action, curiosity